The NAACP (National Association of Advancements for Coloured People) Essay

Hey guys. Sorry for not posting for some time. SO recently I have been looking into Civil rights in the U.S, and I came across an organisation known as the NAACP, So I decided to write an essay on the association. I hope you like it. DOn’t forget to add your ideas or contact me through my email.

NAACP, also known as the National Association of the Advancements of Coloured people was founded on February 12, 1909, due to the Springfield Race riot in 1908, This riot was full of violence which led to the creation of the NAACP, a group of white liberals, which included Mary White Ovington and Oswald Garrison Villard, William English Walling and Dr Henry Moscowitz. They called a meeting to address and discuss Racial Justice. 60 people, agreed which included 7 African Americans ((including W. E. B. Du Bois, Ida B. Wells-Barnett, and Mary Church Terrell). It was released on the centennial of Lincoln’s birth. The NAACP echoed the movements and works of the Niagara Movement from 1905, which focused on Civil rights. The NAACP intended to secure rights for people guaranteed in the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments to the United States Constitution, which promised an end to slavery, the equal protection of the law, and universal adult male suffrage, respectively. The NAACP focuses on eliminating racial prejudice for all minority races using the democratic process.

In 1910,  A national office was established in New York. Du Bois was the only African American among the originals, He was made the director of publications and research. He also established the official Journal for NAACP, named The Crisis in 1910.

The Crisis was and is the Official voice for civil rights. It was founded to address and discuss issues and problems faced by the African Americans. It shared the intellectual and artistic works of coloured people. During its first decades, It focused on aspects of the utmost importance like Lynching and world war I. From 1920-21, The Brownie’s book, was published as a children’s version of the Crisis. It was the first periodical exclusively for the African-American Youth. With time, it became a voice for the Harlem Renaissance. Du Bois started to publish works of famous literary figures of the society. In 1928 Krigwa Players (CRIGWA: Crisis Guild of Writers and Artists) was founded, Which fostered theatre production about, by, for and near the African American community. To this day, The crisis remains the official publication of the NAACP

Lynching was one of the primary focus for the NAACP. They saw it for what it was a cruel act against innocent people, rather than excusing it like most of America at the time. One of their first known public events was an anti-lynching protest. It was a Silent Protest Parade where over 10,000 African-Americans marched down Fifth Avenue of New York City. This Silent March helped the NAACP gain a lot of attention and support for their activism.The NAACP’s anti-lynching crusade became a prime focus for the group during its early decades. Eventually, the NAACP was unable to get a federal anti-lynching law passed; however, its efforts increased public awareness of the issue and are thought to have contributed to an ultimate decline in lynchings. By 1919, there were around 90,000 members and more than 300 local branches.

The NAACP played a focal role in the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s. One of the organisation’s key achievements was the U.S. Supreme Court’s 1954 decision in Brown v. Board of Education that outlawed segregation in public schools. Pioneering civil-rights attorney Thurgood Marshall, the head of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund (LDF), successfully appealed the case before the court. Marshall, who founded the LDF in 1940, won many important civil rights cases involving issues such as voting rights and discriminatory housing methods. In 1967, he became the first African American to serve as a Supreme Court justice. The NAACP also took part in helping to organise 1963, March on Washington, which was one of the biggest civil rights rallies in the U.S History. They also helped in running the 1964’s Mississippi Freedom Summer. An action to allow Black Mississippians to vote.

Although the world has progressed immensely, Troubles for coloured people still continue and therefore organisations like NAACP, are still needed. And may also be required in the near future. NAACP is an organisation which will always be needed as the world keeps evolving, there will always be a moment when people, will need someone to show them the correct way. Thank you

Hopefully, I will post more this week!, Be notified


NAACP – Black Women and the Anti-Lynching Campaign. May 01, 2018

NAACP – Facts & Summary – May 01, 2018

NAACP | Oldest and Boldest. May 01, 2018

Olympics (Cheating and Gender Equality)

Hey guys, I hope you are doing good. Sorry for not posting, but anyways Today I’m discussing cheating and Gender equality in the Olympics. I used the data and analysis method. I hope you learn something from this. If you have any questions or see something wrong, don’t be afraid to add on in the comments down below. Enjoy

Women and Men equality :


Initially, Olympics only let men participate, but now women are allowed to participate but still over the years women’s percentage has been less than men in a lot of charts. So to try and narrow down the gender gap in sports, The Olympics committee made an agenda in 2014 for 2020 Olympics to make sure 50% women and 50% men participate in the Olympics to Improve women’s participation and Involvement by creating more participation opportunities in the games.

President Bach at the IOC Executive Board meeting on 21 August 2015 said: “This is an excellent step forward. We have made history – to have equal numbers of women and men competing for the first time at the Olympic games or youth Olympic games. As well as being another big step in the implementation of Olympic agenda 2020, this is a great milestone for women’s sport and for the Olympic movement as a whole. the ioc encourages and supports the promotion of women in sport at all levels and in all structures with a view to implementing the principle of equality of men and women.”

Women’s participation in the Olympic Winter Games (2014) :


The International Olympic Committee Executive Board Members by gender (2015):


National Olympic Committee Executive Board Members by gender (2015):


Analysis: When we compare the charts we see that in all aspects of the Olympics women have either less participation in the games or don’t work in the IOC. Over the Women’s involvement in both aspects women have not exceeded 50%, this is a problem because we don’t know why fewer women are participating?, Is the country they are from not encourage them, do they get treated unequally, or is there an entirely different reason. We don’t know, which is why it makes this issue even more critical because we don’t if there are things and facts about How the Olympic committee treats the athletes. We rely on the news to be updated about the games, but the reports will not tell us secrets about the Olympics community. Even though we are unsure or not aware of what happens there, we do know is that the IOC made an agenda in 2014 for 2020 Olympics to work with the Olympic Committees around the world to have 50% male and 50% female athletes in the games. This is a big step as it ensures us that we indeed are moving towards a bright future keeping in mind that women can contribute to everything as much as men can. As I look at the National Olympic Committee Executive Board Members chart from 2015, I see that the women in the board committee are decidedly less in every continent. Especially in Asia where there are multiple countries which don’t encourage women to do anything except stay at home. But this move by the IOC shows that the “Future is still Women” Not only do women participation affect ports but it affects every aspect of sports because we get different ideas, a new point of views and most importantly a new way of looking at the world. By helping women participate in the various aspects of Olympics, we ensure help spread the message of gender equality and to tell the world that women are capable of everything men are capable of doing. Even when women are allowed to play, there are limitations for them in every aspect limiting their choices and due to this women are put in sports made explicitly for them resulting in gender stereotypes which leads to different rewards and unequal wages between genders. Even if we think we are taking a correct step but are we really taking it or is it just one wrong way to another? This is something to think about because we promote equality and justice but do we do it too. It’s a matter of saying and doing. What I mean I’m doing but what I’m actually doing.

Cheating in the Olympics:


Many athletes and judges in the Olympics have been caught in the act of bribery and using steroids and drugs. Many athletes use drugs or are bribed to either win or lose. These kinds of treacheries can have a huge impact on countries and people. There have been many cases where people cheated in other ways like Sabotage, bribe, etc. Many people have been found and ripped of their medals and titles because of cheating.

Why do people do illegal things to win?

Many IOC officials have started testing for drugs and illegal substances in athletes body but are drugs the only way to cheat in Olympics? No, there are many ways, some which we may not know about or some being visible to people. People have been found cheating in races by leaving in the middle of the match and then using means of transportation to reach the finish. There are many ways to cheat but are all of them easy to catch?

Doping violations at the Olympics With the notable exception of Moscow in 1980, doping violations at the Olympics have been increasing since 1968. :


Drug Abuse At The Olympics:



Screen Shot 2018-04-14 at 8.37.21 PM.png

Analysis: As we know that there are many cases of cheating and illegal acts in the Olympics. Athletes and Judges do this to make their country proud or to have fame for themselves, but fraud isn’t the correct way to do it. By cheating, they ensure their country’s loss because due to many scandals in previous games. Athletes are tested for drugs and the officials try their best to make sure that the games are as clean and go as smooth as possible but why do the athletes go to these means to ensure victory rather than giving the games their best and providing victory by legal means. Athletes risk their medals and their pride in the games when they use drugs and put themselves in front very well knowing that they can be caught and ripped off their titles and Medals. So why do they take this risk to win?. We may not know the answer to this question, but we can safely assume that they are doing it for either Personal gain or for the country’s benefit. Even if they are doing it for good things like making your country proud, doing them the wrong way just makes it worse because when the officials find out, your country is going to be humiliated in front all the other nations and that’s only even worse than not winning a single Medal. This brings us back to our Main question, Why are they willing to take such significant risks?  This question may be a mystery to many people but can we say the same from people involved in the scandal or about people with knowledge about it. This tells us that though we see many things in front of us, most of them may very well be hidden from view These scandals should be exposed to the world to show other athletes what can happen to them and to make them realise that your and your country’s honour is more important than medals. Which can be portrayed as a symbol of someone being better than someone else. Which doesn’t add up to equality yet medals are an important part and tradition of the Olympics to show that doing your best and working hard does pay off. There have been many examples of cheating without using drugs, for example, China is known to have sent underage gymnasts who are not allowed, or judges being bribed to bring an event to one country’s favour or athletes sabotaging their opponents to ensure their win. But even though many athletes know that they can be quickly caught if they use drugs or steroids to win because of the technology these days, finding out who’s cheating and whose not is really easy nonetheless athletes risk everything and still use drugs.

References: ( Chart) (Pie chart) ( pages 2-3)



Natural Hazards

Hey guys, I hope you are all doing good. Here’s my new post on Natural Hazards:

What are Natural Hazards?

They are events which are caused Naturally or when there is a change in the Earths Geography.

Examples of Natural Hazards:

  • Flood :
    • Floods occur when the water level rises more than the ground can absorb.
    • Flash Floods are the best example; sudden storms unleash an extra torrential downpour causing the water to rise.
    • The force could knock down a car, in fact, most of the deaths in floods involve vehicles.
    • Floods occur many different ways, e.g., Heavy rain and thawing snow can also cause Floods.
    • Storm surges from Storms and tsunamis can also be the reason of flood.
    • Landslides and mudflows can displace large volumes of water, which cause dams to break and levees to fail and destroying cities.
    • Example of a Flood:
      • China Flood 1931 :
      • This Flood is known as the world’s deadliest flood ever with casualties of 1,000,000 – 4,000,000 and is one of the world’s most fatal floods.

Screen Shot 2018-04-02 at 3.34.02 PM

  •  Drought:
    • The signs are slow and subtle, the land dries up, water level drops and rain does not come, and drought takes over.
    • Drought occurs typically when water is used more than it is replenished (refilled).
    • It is a tie between supply and demand, and it also has both Human and Natural Factors.
    • Drought occurs when a change in wind patterns causes high-pressure systems to last for months or years
    • When the demand for water does not stop drought starts to take place, crops wither and die; forest fire spread rapidly.
    • The damage to the environment has vast consequences
    • Example of a Drought:
      • The dust bowl drought
      • The dust bowl drought was the most destructive drought the USA ever witnessed with damage of about 50,000,000 acres of land

Screen Shot 2018-04-02 at 3.37.52 PM

  • Avalanche:
    • At very high speed, an avalanche can rumble an entire mountain and carpet everything in its way in the snow.
    • Avalanches come in many different forms, one of them is Sluff which is a loose snow avalanche.
    • Slab avalanches are avalanches in which huge parts of a mountain crack.
    • Avalanches cause when there are sudden changes in snowfall, wind or rapid changes in temperature.
    • 90% of avalanche deaths are caused because victims or people accidentally activated avalanches.  
    • Example of Avalanche:
    • Yungay, Peru:
      • An avalanche on Mount Huascaran, Peru burying the town of Yungay in a carpet of snow and ice in May 1970 with casualties of about 18,000 people.
    • Plurs, Switzerland :
      • A Swiss town of plurs was swept by an avalanche in September 1618 taking lives of about 2000 people.

Screen Shot 2018-04-02 at 3.43.33 PM

  • Earthquakes:
    • Earthquakes occur when two plates rub against each other.
    • There are four types of different earthquake, each with its violent way.
    • Most earthquakes occur along the edge of oceanic and continental plates.
    • The strongest earthquake was in 1960 Valdivia with a magnitude of 9.6/9.7
    • The damage caused by an earthquake depends on its depth and fault
    • Example of Earthquake:
      • Pakistan 2005
      • On October 8, 2005, an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.6 shook the Kashmir region and parts of Pakistan, India, and Afghanistan. More than 80,000 people died while estimated 4 million were left homeless

Screen Shot 2018-04-02 at 3.46.54 PM

Works Cited: staff. 2005 Kashmir earthquake,2009, Accessed 17 October 2017.

Neil Lancefield. The deadliest avalanches in history.Independent. Co, 2012, Accessed 17 October 2017.

Stephanie Pappas, The worst drought in U.S history,, 2012, Accessed 17 October 2017.

Image source:

1.flash flooding |


3.This is what I call an avalanche! Stjernøy N

4.15+ Before and After Italian Earthquake: He

Why Taiwan can be your next Travel destination?

For my school, my group (Cynthia and Joshua) and I did some research on Taipei, Taiwan’s Capital, So I decided to share some information with you guys so that maybe you could visit it this summer. Enjoy

Taiwan is a small Island, near China. It is tiny and can’t always find it on the map. China is west of Taiwan. Japan and Korea are north of Taiwan. Since Taiwan is a small island, it doesn’t have many neighbours, and it’s in the Pacific ocean. Taiwan is a basin-shaped area, so when it rains, the basin-shaped city catches all the rain, which means lots of water for vegetation. This is why Taiwan has lots of varieties of fruits and vegetables. Taiwan is an island in the subtropics area, and there are many tall mountains and volcanoes in Taiwan. Because of the mountains, farmers can grow many kinds of different fruit and vegetation in various topographies; because of the volcanoes. Taiwan has many hot springs because the water is heated geothermally (relating to or produced by the internal heat of the earth.), that is, with heat generated from the Earth’s mantle. Taiwan is also an island, so it means ocean and water surrounding it. Because of that, Taiwan has many beaches for tourists to enjoy, and extreme water sports to attract tourists and for tourists to enjoy.  Because of Taiwan’s dramatic topography, the country’s climate varies considerably from one part of the island to another. In most places, typical daytime temperatures are 20 to 25 degrees Celsius, and slightly cooler at night. In Summer it’s mostly hot, but it also gets wet. The rain sends an invitation for water sports, for example, kayaking, stand up paddle boarding, jet skiing and many more.

Screen Shot 2018-03-24 at 10.12.06 PM.png


    • Taiwan high-speed rail (THSR): on the west side of the island.
    • Taipei to gao shiung. Full route takes about 4h.
    • Business and standard class; Business is 50% more expensive.
  • Bus
    • They are the cheapest transportation service. Run 24h.
    • All over Taiwan.
    • Variety of buses, they are all different depending on the city.
  • Youbike
  • It has free usage for the first 30 minutes of rental, NT$10 per 30 minutes of usage. Accessible to everyone.

Screen Shot 2018-03-24 at 10.10.14 PM.png


  • Taipei has delicious and unique food that everyone enjoys when he or she visit Taiwan, and Taiwan’s fruits during summer are the sweetest, juiciest and ripest than it will ever be for the rest of the year. The variety of foods and fruits are also impeccable compared to other countries. 

Screen Shot 2018-03-24 at 10.09.36 PM.png


  • Taipei has a very well constructed infrastructure, the routes and buildings are well built. Since the city’s not that big, it is easy to go from one place to another. The city is full of breathtaking views and incredible skyscrapers. 
  • Taipei has many monuments, museums, and buildings that are worthwhile. Taipei also has the infamous Taipei 101 that is definitely worth your time, and as well as the rich history and culture of the country. The history of how we got our independence, what wars we were involved in, and how this country came to be, are all meaningful and worth your time.

Screen Shot 2018-03-24 at 10.08.31 PM


  • Located in Taoyuan, dayuan district
  • Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport won the world’s third best airport serving with over 40 million passengers per year in ACI Airport Service Quality Awards. Link to advanced tourism.
  • With the Taiwan high-speed rail (THSR) it is possible to get to the airport quickly.

Screen Shot 2018-03-24 at 10.11.22 PM.png

People in Taipei, Taiwan will willingly speak English to Help tourists. Even though almost everyone speaks, Chinese many people do speak English too.

I hope this post helps you know that Taiwan is a country worthy of being visited. Have a good day.

Global Events

Hey Guys!!, So for today I decided to write something different, and the Topic is “What are Global Events?” I had some research on this topic, so I decided to share it with all of you. Enjoy reading it and don’t forget to like and comment on it. If you have any ideas or would like to continue this, put it down in the comments, I’ll be more than thrilled to read what you have to say.

A global event is an event that is held in a pattern of date, advertised to the general public welcoming any sex, religion, ethnicities, race, and nationality. 

Here is my Criteria for a Global Events.

A pattern of date Open to anyone Advertisement Diverse
Happens after a certain time period

  • ex) Oscars occur every year
  • ex) Olympics every 4 years
  • Everyone is passionately involved
  • Citizens with different nationalities can join the event
  • Not only nationalities but religion, sex, ethnicities, race
  • ex) ComicCon is open to everyone  

General space, public space

  • For people to gather together
  • Easily accessible
  • Able to find it quickly
  • Appealed to the press
  • General public
  • Posters, Videos, Radio, social media  
Internationally known subjects

Includes every global citizen  

  • Variety of cultures are shown
  • Shares knowledge about diverse cultures
  • ex) Coachella plays a variety of styled music, with musicians all around the world


  • What was your top choice for a global event and why?


    1. Comic-con because it matched with all of my criteria
      1. The pattern of date: It happens every year
      2. Open to anyone: Anyone can join in the fun, and there are no restrictions for anyone
      3. general Space: It occurs in a big hall where people gather
      4. Advertisement: It is advertised online and through posters, mostly through Social Media
      5. Diverse: It allows different people and different celebrities come to speak on panels and meet and greet with fans.


Renaissance Art

Hey guys! This is a essay on Renaissance art that I wrote. I hope you like it and don’t forget to like and comment on it. 🙂

Renaissance Art is art which was produced in Europe in 1400, with developments in Philosophy, Literature, Music, and Science. The renaissance workmanship is most known for its respectable and old Tradition, but they developed that tradition by adding a few modern advancements from their era to create an entirely new culture, from whose techniques are widely used today.Renaissance Art is the change of Europe from Medieval ages to the Early modern ages.Renaissance workmanship is made for satisfaction purposes as well as they were honestly rolled out to improve the way individuals thought, the paintings were made for satisfaction purposes because looking at art sometimes made people calm and relaxed for example when we look at Mona Lisa it gives us that inner pleasure which we sometimes do not get from modern art. To change the way individuals pondered Philosophy, Literature, Architecture, Theology, Science, Government and different parts of society.

Leonardo da Vinci, the Renaissance one of the most famous and successful Artist, His areas of interest were invention, painting, sculpture, architecture, science and many more. Mona Lisa is his most famous work which is widely renowned today. It is known as one of the most classical paintings ever. His other notable works include The Last supper, Annunciation, St. John the Baptist and many more.His painting The Vitruvian Man is also regarded as a Cultural Icon.Today, Leonardo is Known as one of the most diversely talented Individual ever to have lived. He was first recognized as “Baptism of Christ.” Leonardo kept a journal with small drafts and sketches, in which he recorded things which caught his eye. Leonardo researched in the “caricatures” which is known as observation of real-life models. Leonardo was known as the ultimate Renaissance man for the broadness of his intrigue and ability and his demeanor of humanist and established esteems.Leonardo’s best-known works include the Mona Lisa, The Virgin of the Rocks and The Last Supper, which exhibit his unique capacity to depict light and shadow, and additionally the physical connection between figures– people, creatures and items alike– and the scene around them.
If you compare Mona Lisa with a painting from Middle Ages, you will see a lot of differences as Leonardo da Vinci made his paintings look realistic and lifelike while the middle ages artists did not focus on people they concentrated on the message the painting gave, and it was mostly about religion.One reason on why the medieval time’s craftsmen made sketches was to instruct religion to individuals who can’t read or compose, while one of the reasons why renaissance specialists made canvases was to demonstrate the significance of individuals and nature.The Renaissance craftsmen made models, wall paintings, illustrations, and Paintings, while the medieval time’s specialists made recolored glass windows, figures, enlightened original copies and artistic creations. A couple of qualities of Middle ages craftsmanship were subjected were for the most part religious,figures look level and firm with little development, hung in solid garments, faces indicate little feeling, artistic creations utilize livelily, hues, two-dimensional painted figures, and foundations a solitary shading, frequently gold, A few characteristics of the Renaissance art are both religious and nonreligious, figures look admired, or consummated. They made the bodies view dynamic or moving; bodies could be bare or dressed, faces expressed what individuals are considering, enthusiasm for nature, loads of standard detail full of deep foundations with a point of view and symmetrical canvases. (adjusted on the two sides).
Renaissance art affected modern day living in various ways, they showed us techniques which are widely used around the world for example caravaggio’s Chiaroscuro technique is used around the world today or da vinci’s Vanishing point techniques used in “The last supper”, The paintings made in the medieval time to show religion but in The renaissance they started to focus on greek mythology, religion and people, for example Raphael’s “The Nymph Galatea 1512-1514”, if you look closely you can see centaurs, angels and mermaids, and these are mostly known as greek mythology, and if you also look at the people, you will notice how realistic they look, their features are made with real care and look almost as real as us.Statue’s Michelangelo is known for his statue’s, for example, the pieta; it was widely famous around that time because statue’s with two figures were rare and one thing about the icon was that how real and the perfect nature it showed for human beings. Renaissance art also conveys a message for humanism, it indicates individuals more life like not at all like the medieval time where individuals were secured, and they were inert, During the Renaissance Era, humanism turned into a focal theme for painters, stone carvers, and artisans alike.For example, Michelangelo’s David is a majestic sort of piece, It shows the realistic features of men and their body, but it is so realistic that sometimes it looks as though it will move and go away, Humans Michelangelo studied the human body in order to make his sculptures more realistic and more lifelike,he made the muscles as to look like they were real and in perfect condition, he used His statue to show the ideals of humanism, in way connecting Idealism and Humanism together.Emotions, the renaissance art shows people’s emotions their feelings and their actions, it sometimes reflects how people should react and should be, in Mona Lisa, what Da Vinci is trying to portray is how a woman should be, her posture, her emotions and her clothing, it in a way depicts an ideal woman again showing Idealism.Many works of Renaissance craftsmanship portrayed religious pictures, including subjects, for example, the Virgin Mary, or Madonna, and were experienced by contemporary gatherings of people of the period with regards to religious ceremonies. Today, they are seen as Ideal pieces of art, yet at the time they were seen and utilized as reverential articles. Numerous Renaissance works were painted as altarpieces for joining into customs related with Catholic Mass and gave by benefactors who supported the Mass itself.
The Renaissance gave the modern world a new of thinking about art.Leonardo da Vinci made a lot of advancements in art, and he also made one of the classical paintings of this world “Mona Lisa.” Art of Medieval times and Renaissance have a lot of differences mainly because thinking evolved and it made us feel out of the box.


  1. Links from which I had help
    Natalie Solis, How did Renaissance Art influence Modern American Art?, Prezi, February 2015, accessed: 19 sep 2017
    Evan Smith, Influence of Humanism in Renaissance Art, Central235, January 2012, obtained: 19 sep 2017
    Kaitlyn Lockhart, How Did The Renaissance Affect Our Modern Day World?, Prezi, November 2013, accessed: 19 sep 2017 Staff, Renaissance Art,, 2010 accessed: 19 sep 2017

Were the Dark ages so Dark?

Here’s a small post of what I think of the Dark ages. Don’t forget to add your thoughts down in the comments. I hope you enjoy and like this.

The dark ages were called The dark ages because a lot of horrible things happened during that time period, the dark ages occurred during the end of Roman empire and start of the Italian Renaissance or roughly 500 to 1500 AD, It happened around Europe, France, Italy and their surroundings. The dark ages mainly began when the uninvited barbarians invaded which caused War and made people angry and hold grudges. The dark ages primarily consist of war, torture, and diseases. Another reason why the Middle Ages are often called the Dark Ages is that compared with other eras, historians don’t know as much about this time. In some ways, this period of time has been lost to history. Many vital records from this time have not survived.

The dark was reasonably a lousy era for people because the war was growing, peace was fading away. Diseases hit, e.g. The plague in which many people lost their lives, and many people fled trying not to catch the disease, but the Plague wasn’t the only one, famine also hit Europe causing mass disruption among people, this time was also known as the Migration period because a lot of people left.  After the invasions people lost their way of living, they were dirty, selfless, unhygienic and carried germs and diseases with them, there were unbuilt roads, which means it took as much as 2 months to reach somewhere and the forests covered them, The real cause of “Dark Age” was the collapse of the Western Roman Empire and the waves of invasions and raiding that followed it, but was there a ray of light under that darkness?

Were the dark ages not so dark? Putting the negative at the side and looking into the positive things, Universities were born, which meant learning was encouraged again, Religions started to live in peace, Art and Architecture were beginning to grow, Laws were fair which meant fewer quarrels among people. During that time agriculture was going strong then it was in the Roman empire, Advances were made in Science and Maths with the help of Islamic scholars. The (not so) dark ages had a lot of Advancements in this time, they had bad things, but they also had excellent things too. Advances in Art were outstanding, and their paintings were exquisite and their work was of exceptional quality.