An essay on the different perspectives of the Cold War

Hey Guys! So I just started my summer break and due to the effects of the Pandemic I will be staying in Seoul for the most part. So expect more posts and stories especially book reviews since I’ve been doing a lot of reading recently. Anyways for today I have a Essay on the perspectives during the cold war. I love history and exploring it and so this is an essay exploring how different perspectives shape the cold war ideologies and the way we look at it today.

For those of you who don’t know what the Cold war is, here is a quick summary: The Cold War is a “war” between the soviet union and the United States and their allies. Its not necessarily a war because there was no direct conflict which is why it is called the Cold war. It went from 1947 to 1991. There were many conflicts during the time some of which are widely known such as the Berlin war crisis, The Vietnam War, the Cuban missile crisis, and the space race to name a few. Because the war had so many allies and countries involved the perspectives were also in numbers. The following essay is just looking at some ideas regarding the media perception and general ideas.


The cold war was full of many different perspectives and ideas on almost everything that happened during it from art pieces, to government, to social issues such as gender inequality and even major events like the space race, Vietnam war and the Yom Kippur war to name a few. The cold war started because of 2 conflicting ideas which were Capitalism and communism, The United States thought that capitalism was the way to go while the Soviet union thought that Communism was the ultimate end goal. Even though it was a conflict between the 2 countries, it became a worldwide event because of the allies each country had which further escalated a lot of the things that happened but also confused the perspectives and ideologies that came with the war.  The hostility during the cold war between the 2 nations was not only because of the conflicting ideas but also because of the threat of a nuclear war and the leadership during it. Different political ideas had different ideas on how to deal with the ongoing war and even for some time there was peace. In the early 1970’s the idea of peaceful coexistence between imperialist and communist countries was very open however in the late 1970s after the soviet invasion of Afghanistan the hostile ideas came back, further extending the cold war era. This shows that the perspectives were ever changing and had a lot of factors playing into it. 

Capitalism and communism were the base of the war as each country inherently thought the other was wrong and therefore had to apply their ideas. This sparked lots of conflicts and wars among the countries and its allies. The vietnam war, the korean war, the Yom Kippur war are all examples of how the conflicting ideas affected the countries and what they did. The wars generally ended when one of the major powers intervened or happened because one of the major powers intervened. This also affected ideas among this smaller countries, because they saw different perspectives and the ideas of different countries. For example South Koreans preferred the American side as it aided them in the War while North Korea thought the same about the USSR. Most countries either supported one or the other which is why most of the conflicts in the cold war aren’t directly involving the US and the USSR instead their allies who had wars because of who they supported. 

The media depiction of the opposing side also fueled the fire of the changing perspectives. The countries involved produced books, movies, and music which generally only represented one perspective leading the audience to believe that the idea in the movie was the “good” side while the opposing side’s ideas were “bad” or “evil”. Some examples of these were seen in movies such as Bridge of spies which essentially showed the USSR as “the empire of evil” while the US was shown to be anti-communist, the main idea was to show people that US was better and fair. This kind of good and bad perspective was common as the government had control over the media and used propaganda to affect how people looked at certain ideas. The movie Man from U.N.C.L.E also shows exactly how the different perspectives come to play. As the 3 agents who all scramble to stop the arment of nuclear weapons, have their own hidden agendas from their government which is to essentially gain an upper hand during the war. These movies show us how governments during that time were backstabbing, secretive and only in it for their own gain. This essentially gave an idea of how the governments functioned although the events or ideas were severely exaggerated or simplified in order to paint a convincing picture. The media affected how people thought and even majorly miscommunicated the ideas of the people in order to change their perspective or make them look like the “bad” guy. 

With the rise of counterculture many ideologies began to get ripped or altered because of the changing values of the world. Some of the many ideas that came to light were women’s rights, racial inequality, and materialism divided countries especially the US. The idea that women were supposed to stay at home and tend to the men was the norm, this connotes that the ideas of white men were very highly involved as many ads from that time depicted women in the kitchen. However with the changing values of right and wrong, people but mainly women began to speak up and ask for their rights which was something many had thought wouldn’t happen. This shows that the perspectives in the cold war were very easily changed because people knew they weren’t getting all the information and that made them susceptible to new ideas. This change of perspective is still very present today and still has its issues and conflicts however during the cold war with tensions already high with 2 very powerful countries playing against each other, any ideas that came out sparked a lot of controversy and debate. The same ideals also played with Racial inequality because even though the civil war had happened, racial prejudice still existed and also added to the idea of going against the norm and the existing ideas instilled in everyone. 

Obviously government, media, and personal beliefs were all involved in the ever changing perspectives of the cold war. They all affected the ideas and paved the way for events which are now classified under the Cold war. The perspectives changed because the way people looked at the world changed, from women being introduced to a new way of living, to colored people realizing that one race has no authority to be superior to the understanding that neither capitalism or communism are good ways to live, the cold war also had changing perspectives because our point of view changed with everything we were introduced to. The importance of understanding these ideas and changes is that the world we live in is unpredictable. We find out new things everyday and so understanding that one point of view isn’t necessarily good or bad is crucial to the development of a better and more equal world. It’s also understanding that it is possible to co exist among different and conflicting ideas.

This is the Essay, I hope you liked it. I understand that it isn’t perfect and could do more work however this is based on what I know and my ideas. If you have any new ideas or think something could be different, please leave a comment down below. And don’t forget to like, comment and share. Bye for now!

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