Hey guys. Sorry for not posting for so long. Here’s an essay I wrote on infertility. I hope you like it.
Infertility is a big issue that occurs to 1 in every 8 couples. Although at first it was believed to only be woman’s issue but due to all the technological advancements, science has been able to confirm that infertility can be an issue to both sexes. Both male and female infertility have one-third of the contribution. (Female Infertility) Infertility which means not being able to conceive a baby. There are many different causes for both men and women, for women they may stretch from ovulation disorders to Endometriosis. While the causes for men can range up from sperm production to sperm antibodies. (Causes) (Newcombe, Rachel) (Causes of infertility) (Male infertility) (Female infertility).
For females, ovulation disorder means in some way or another, either the Ovary doesn’t produce eggs or the hormone production is reduced. There are 4 different Ovulation disorders, PCOS (Polycystic ovary syndrome), Hypothalamic dysfunction, premature ovarian failure and excess production of prolactin. (Female infertility) The premature ovarian failure means, that the person is unable to menstruate, this may happen because of non-functional ovaries, which is also known as Turners Syndrome. (Causes of infertility) This can also be defined as when a woman’s ovaries stop working before the age of 40. (Causes) PCOS is a disorder which induces hormone imbalance, affecting ovulation. It is one of the most common causes of Ovulation disorders. (Female infertility). Hypothalamic dysfunction, which is normally caused by extra physical or emotional stress, impacts the production of LH and FSH. The most common symptom is absent or irregular periods. (Female infertility. One of the other main causes of infertility in females is Tubular dysfunction.
It can be caused by scarred fallopian tubes or pelvic inflammatory disease. These problems block the tube, which prevents the fertilised egg from being properly planted in the uterus.( Causes of infertility). Other problems of infertility in women include Endometriosis, which is caused when small pieces of the womb lining start to grow in other places, which lead to damaged ovaries or fallopian tubes. (Causes). For men, Infertility is mostly a cause of Semen and Sperm problems. The poor quality of Semen may be because of either lack of sperm or abnormal sperm, which can either result in no sperm being able to reach the egg. (Causes). For men, it can also be a result of Sexual problems, for example, failure of ejaculation or nerve damage. (Male Infertility) These problems can also be known as erection or ejaculation difficulties. Hypogonadism may be another issue which causes infertility, this means that there is an abnormally low level of testosterone, which is the male hormone making sperm. (Causes)
There are many treatments for making people fertile again one of them is Laparoscopic surgery.It is only for women, may be done because of pain during intercourse or severe menstrual cramps or pelvic pain. (Gurevich, Rachel.) It’s a one-day surgical procedure, which finds any irregularities in the reproductive system and fixes them. The surgery uses a small camera to have a visual examination of the reproductive system. (Laparoscopy Infertility Treatment). The surgery examines the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries for any causes of infertility. Once the issue is recognised, it can be corrected on the same day.
The treatment does use anaesthesia and may take up to 30 to 45 minutes. (Laparoscopy Fertility Treatment) Like every surgery, laparoscopy has its own advantages and disadvantages. Some of the advantages include Small abdominal incisions and less pain while most common problems after the surgery may be Abdominal pain or Nausea, pain around incision sites or even a hoarse throat due to the breathing tubes. (Rosenthal, Lisa.) The disadvantages may include Bladder infection after surgery or skin irritation, these are some common risks. (Gurevich, Rachel) More severe risks may include Nerve damage, the formation of adhesion and hematomas or Allergic reactions. (Laparoscopy Fertility Treatment) All of these risks are always possible since there is always a chance of misconduct or unknown problems inside our bodies. If we have any kind of blood problems or even previous surgeries, things can always go wrong.
Due to all the medical advancements only 1-2 % of patients who undergo laparoscopic surgery experience complications. (Laparoscopy Fertility Treatment) For the procedure, usually, 2 or more incisions are made. One is slit in the navel while the other one in the lower abdomen. Then the gas is put in, to inflate the pelvic area, which allows an easier view of the pelvic organs. The laparoscope is the only instrument which is put through the navel incision while all the other instruments are placed through other incision, which allows the pelvis to be thoroughly inspected. A dye is usually passed into the fallopian tubes to check for blockage. (Laparoscopy Infertility Treatment) With the surgery, the Fallopian tube may be unblocked or repaired (Gurevich, Rachel.)
With the question of infertility treatments, the main thing that rises up is Religion, different religions have different beliefs. From Christianity to Judaism to Islam, and many more. All these religions have different ideas of what is good and bad for their people. For example, Catholics oppose Vitro fertilization because of two main reasons, one they believe that human dignity is best respected when 2 people conceive a child using a sexual union, and this does not occur when treatments are involved or the baby is made in a laboratory. They also believe that doing this the power to bring the baby into the world also depends on doctors and biologists, other than the parents themselves. The second reason is based on genetically modified baby’s DNA, in Vitro fertilisation, there is a chance that the baby made is prone to genetic defects, therefore making it morally unacceptable with the Catholics. (What Does The Church Teach About IVF?) The Church does not allow any third party reproduction, which may include egg or sperm donors. (Shank, Melodie)
For Judaism, the Jewish teachings which don’t exactly go against Vitro fertilisation, they do allow women to donate their eggs for infertile couples. (Shank, Melodie) There is a lot of debate in Jewish teachings about this topic, which ranges from Artificial insemination to Surrogacy. (Staff, Kveller) Although the Jewish believe Fertilisation treatments are ok they are limited to certain things, for example, they allow In-Vitro fertilization but they do have concerns regarding extra eggs, abortions and surrogacy. With all these issues, it is still unsure about how much Jewish teachings accept Infertility treatments.
From all this research we can definitely say that infertility is a big issue, that sometimes can’t be solved, but there many cases where it is still possible to conceive a baby. Although some religions don’t exactly allow it.
- “Causes”. Nhs.Uk, 2018, https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/infertility/causes/ . Accessed 9 Sept 2018.
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- Female Infertility.” Mayo Clinic, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 8 Mar. 2018, www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/female-infertility/symptoms-causes/syc-20354308. (3/09/2018)
- Graves, Jim. “Church Teaching On In Vitro Fertilization – Catholic World Report”. Catholicworldreport.Com, 2012, https://www.catholicworldreport.com/2012/11/29/church-teaching-on-in-vitro-fertilization/. Accessed 9 Sept 2018.
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- Newcombe, Rachel. “Male And Female Infertility”. Fertilityexpert.Co.Uk, 2010, http://www.fertilityexpert.co.uk/MaleAndFemaleInfertility.html . Accessed 9 Sept 2018.
- Religion And Assisted Fertility: Do Your Beliefs Impact Your Infertility Treatment Choices? | Babymed.Com”. Babymed.Com, 2012, https://www.babymed.com/blogs/summer-banks/religion-and-assisted-fertility-do-your-beliefs-impact-your-infertility-treatment. Accessed 9 Sept 2018.
- Rosenthal, Lisa. “Infertility and Laparoscopy- When Surgery Is Necessary.” Path To Fertility Blog by RMACT, 4 Aug. 2010, https://fertility-news.rmact.com/Path-To-Fertility-Blog/bid/41517/Infertility-and-Laparoscopy-When-Surgery-is-Necessary
- Shank, Melodie. “IVF: Religion & Fertility Treatment: Catholic, Jewish, Muslim & IVF”. Fertilityauthority.Com, 2012, https://www.fertilityauthority.com/articles/religion-and-third-party-reproduction. Accessed 9 Sept 2018.
- Staff, Kveller. “Fertility Technology In Jewish Law – Kveller”. Kveller, 2018, https://www.kveller.com/article/fertility-technology-in-jewish-law/. Accessed 9 Sept 2018.
- “What Does The Church Teach About IVF? | Catholics Come Home”. Catholicscomehome.Org, https://www.catholicscomehome.org/what-does-the-church-teach-about-ivf/. Accessed 9 Sept 2018.