Hey guys. Sorry for not posting for some time. SO recently I have been looking into Civil rights in the U.S, and I came across an organisation known as the NAACP, So I decided to write an essay on the association. I hope you like it. DOn’t forget to add your ideas or contact me through my email.
NAACP, also known as the National Association of the Advancements of Coloured people was founded on February 12, 1909, due to the Springfield Race riot in 1908, This riot was full of violence which led to the creation of the NAACP, a group of white liberals, which included Mary White Ovington and Oswald Garrison Villard, William English Walling and Dr Henry Moscowitz. They called a meeting to address and discuss Racial Justice. 60 people, agreed which included 7 African Americans ((including W. E. B. Du Bois, Ida B. Wells-Barnett, and Mary Church Terrell). It was released on the centennial of Lincoln’s birth. The NAACP echoed the movements and works of the Niagara Movement from 1905, which focused on Civil rights. The NAACP intended to secure rights for people guaranteed in the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments to the United States Constitution, which promised an end to slavery, the equal protection of the law, and universal adult male suffrage, respectively. The NAACP focuses on eliminating racial prejudice for all minority races using the democratic process.
In 1910, A national office was established in New York. Du Bois was the only African American among the originals, He was made the director of publications and research. He also established the official Journal for NAACP, named The Crisis in 1910.
The Crisis was and is the Official voice for civil rights. It was founded to address and discuss issues and problems faced by the African Americans. It shared the intellectual and artistic works of coloured people. During its first decades, It focused on aspects of the utmost importance like Lynching and world war I. From 1920-21, The Brownie’s book, was published as a children’s version of the Crisis. It was the first periodical exclusively for the African-American Youth. With time, it became a voice for the Harlem Renaissance. Du Bois started to publish works of famous literary figures of the society. In 1928 Krigwa Players (CRIGWA: Crisis Guild of Writers and Artists) was founded, Which fostered theatre production about, by, for and near the African American community. To this day, The crisis remains the official publication of the NAACP
Lynching was one of the primary focus for the NAACP. They saw it for what it was a cruel act against innocent people, rather than excusing it like most of America at the time. One of their first known public events was an anti-lynching protest. It was a Silent Protest Parade where over 10,000 African-Americans marched down Fifth Avenue of New York City. This Silent March helped the NAACP gain a lot of attention and support for their activism.The NAACP’s anti-lynching crusade became a prime focus for the group during its early decades. Eventually, the NAACP was unable to get a federal anti-lynching law passed; however, its efforts increased public awareness of the issue and are thought to have contributed to an ultimate decline in lynchings. By 1919, there were around 90,000 members and more than 300 local branches.
The NAACP played a focal role in the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s. One of the organisation’s key achievements was the U.S. Supreme Court’s 1954 decision in Brown v. Board of Education that outlawed segregation in public schools. Pioneering civil-rights attorney Thurgood Marshall, the head of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund (LDF), successfully appealed the case before the court. Marshall, who founded the LDF in 1940, won many important civil rights cases involving issues such as voting rights and discriminatory housing methods. In 1967, he became the first African American to serve as a Supreme Court justice. The NAACP also took part in helping to organise 1963, March on Washington, which was one of the biggest civil rights rallies in the U.S History. They also helped in running the 1964’s Mississippi Freedom Summer. An action to allow Black Mississippians to vote.
Although the world has progressed immensely, Troubles for coloured people still continue and therefore organisations like NAACP, are still needed. And may also be required in the near future. NAACP is an organisation which will always be needed as the world keeps evolving, there will always be a moment when people, will need someone to show them the correct way. Thank you
Hopefully, I will post more this week!, Be notified
NAACP – Black Women and the Anti-Lynching Campaign. May 01, 2018
NAACP – Facts & Summary – HISTORY.com. May 01, 2018
NAACP | Oldest and Boldest. May 01, 2018